Before and During Diagnosis
What follows are some steps to reduce your misunderstanding and to increase the opportunity to get the best care, if and when you learn that you or someone you care about is diagnosed with cancer.
The field of health care that deals with cancer is called oncology. The people treating cancer are chiefly medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, oncology nurses and oncology social workers. Cancer is many diseases with one thing in common: the uncontrollable growth and accumulation of abnormal cells. Cancer growth and development has so many phases that physicians use terms that specify where the cancer is (site) and the type of tissue involved. Because there are so many different types of cancer, it is vitally important that you understand your diagnosis and prognosis – a prediction of the probable cause and outcome of the disease – so that you can make informed treatment decisions.